Cardiac assessments of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) using auscultation, echocardiography, electrocardiography, and blood-based biomarkers

Consortium for Advanced Research on Marine Mammal Health Assessment (CARMMHA)

DOI:
10.7266/n7-b2h2-sm08
 
UDI:
R6.x809.000:0001
Last Update:
Oct 30 2020 15:22 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
Linnehan, Barbara K., Forrest M. Gomez, Sharon M. Huston, Adonia Hsu, Ryan Takeshita, Kathleen M. Colegrove, Teri K. Rowles, Craig A. Harms, Whitney B. Musser, Ashley Barratclough, Eric S. Zolman, Brian C. Balmer, Forrest I. Townsend, Carolyn Cray, Jeanine S. Morey, Randall S. Wells, Eric D. Jensen, Lori H. Schwacke, and Cynthia R. Smith
Point of Contact:
Takeshita, Ryan
National Marine Mammal Foundation
2240 Shelter Island Drive Suit 200
San Diego, California  92106
USA
ryan.takeshita@nmmpfoundation.org
Funding Source:
RFP-VI
Data Collection Period:
2018-06-11 to 2018-07-20

Identified Submitted In-Review Available
3 3 3 3

Suggested Citation:

Linnehan, Barbara K., Forrest M. Gomez, Sharon M. Huston, Adonia Hsu, Ryan Takeshita, Kathleen M. Colegrove, Teri K. Rowles, Craig A. Harms, Whitney B. Musser, Ashley Barratclough, Eric S. Zolman, Brian C. Balmer, Forrest I. Townsend, Carolyn Cray, Jeanine S. Morey, Randall S. Wells, Eric D. Jensen, Lori H. Schwacke, and Cynthia R. Smith. 2020. Cardiac assessments of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) using auscultation, echocardiography, electrocardiography, and blood-based biomarkers. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/n7-b2h2-sm08

Abstract:

Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Barataria Bay, Louisiana (BB), were heavily impacted by exposure to oil following the Deepwater Horizon disaster. Previous studies have documented detriments to their pulmonary, reproductive, and endocrine health, however, the cardiac effects of oil on dolphins have not previously been examined. Techniques for comprehensive cardiac evaluation were refined with dolphins at the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program, including cardiac auscultation and echocardiography. The techniques were then utilized during capture-release health assessments in Sarasota Bay, Florida (SB), a non-oiled reference population, and in Barataria Bay, Louisiana in 2018. This dataset was compiled using prospective data from these three dolphin populations. Data was collected regarding murmur prevalence and characterization, echocardiographic findings, and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings. In addition, novel blood-based biomarkers assessed isoenzymes to identify the utility of blood-based cardiac biomarkers for cardiac evaluation in dolphins. Linnehan, Barbara K., Adonia Hsu, Forrest M. Gomez, Sharon M. Huston, Ryan Takeshita, Kathleen M. Colegrove, Teri K. Rowles, Ashley Barratchlough, Whitney B. Musser, Craig A. Harms, Veronica Cendejas, Eric S. Zolman, Brian C. Balmer, Forrest I. Townsend, Randall S. Wells, Eric D. Jensen, Lori H. Schwacke, and Cynthia R. Smith. 2020. Standardization of Dolphin Cardiac Auscultation and Characterization of Heart Murmurs in Managed and Free-Ranging Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7:844 doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.570055.

Purpose:

Given the growing evidence regarding the cardiotoxic effects of Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil on several species, this dataset was created to comprehensively assess the cardiac health of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the areas exposed to DWH oil. This data has successfully advanced cardiac diagnostic techniques and knowledge of wild dolphin cardiac health.

Theme Keywords:

bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus, cetacean, cardiology, heart murmur, auscultation, echocardiography, electrocardiography, blood biomarkers, electrocardiographic, ECG

File Format:

xlsx

Filename:

CARMMHA_cardiac_2020.07.14.zip (305.48 KB)

Dataset Downloads:

2

Cardiac assessments of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) using auscultation, echocardiography, electrocardiography, and blood-based biomarkers



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R6.x809.000-0001-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Ryan Takeshita
      Organisation name: 
          National Marine Mammal Foundation
      Position name: 
          Research Coordinator
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  8773605527
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  2240 Shelter Island Drive Suit 200
              City: 
                  San Diego
              Administrative area: 
                  California
              Postal code: 
                  92106
              Country: 
                  USA
              Electronic mail address: 
                  ryan.takeshita@nmmpfoundation.org
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2021-05-04T20:04:58+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R6.x809.000:0001
Return To Index

Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: Cardiac assessments of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) using auscultation, echocardiography, electrocardiography, and blood-based biomarkers Alternate title: Date: Date: Date: 2020-07-23 Date type: Date type code: publication Identifier: Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.7266/n7-b2h2-sm08 title: DOI doi:10.7266/n7-b2h2-sm08 Abstract: Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Barataria Bay, Louisiana (BB), were heavily impacted by exposure to oil following the Deepwater Horizon disaster. Previous studies have documented detriments to their pulmonary, reproductive, and endocrine health, however, the cardiac effects of oil on dolphins have not previously been examined. Techniques for comprehensive cardiac evaluation were refined with dolphins at the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program, including cardiac auscultation and echocardiography. The techniques were then utilized during capture-release health assessments in Sarasota Bay, Florida (SB), a non-oiled reference population, and in Barataria Bay, Louisiana in 2018. This dataset was compiled using prospective data from these three dolphin populations. Data was collected regarding murmur prevalence and characterization, echocardiographic findings, and electrocardiographic (ECG) findings. In addition, novel blood-based biomarkers assessed isoenzymes to identify the utility of blood-based cardiac biomarkers for cardiac evaluation in dolphins.
          
Linnehan, Barbara K., Adonia Hsu, Forrest M. Gomez, Sharon M. Huston, Ryan Takeshita, Kathleen M. Colegrove, Teri K. Rowles, Ashley Barratchlough, Whitney B. Musser, Craig A. Harms, Veronica Cendejas, Eric S. Zolman, Brian C. Balmer, Forrest I. Townsend, Randall S. Wells, Eric D. Jensen, Lori H. Schwacke, and Cynthia R. Smith. 2020. Standardization of Dolphin Cardiac Auscultation and Characterization of Heart Murmurs in Managed and Free-Ranging Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7:844 doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.570055. Purpose: Given the growing evidence regarding the cardiotoxic effects of Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil on several species, this dataset was created to comprehensively assess the cardiac health of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the areas exposed to DWH oil. This data has successfully advanced cardiac diagnostic techniques and knowledge of wild dolphin cardiac health. Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Ryan Takeshita Organisation name: National Marine Mammal Foundation Position name: Research Coordinator Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 8773605527 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 2240 Shelter Island Drive Suit 200 City: San Diego Administrative area: California Postal code: 92106 Country: USA Electronic mail address: ryan.takeshita@nmmpfoundation.org Role: Role code: pointOfContact Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Forrest Gomez Organisation name: National Marine Mammal Foundation (NMMF) / Medicine Position name: Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 2240 Shelter Island Drive Suite 200 City: San Diego Administrative area: CA Postal code: 92106 Country: USA Electronic mail address: forrest.gomez@nmmf.org Role: Role code: pointOfContact Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: bottlenose dolphin Keyword: Tursiops truncatus Keyword: cetacean Keyword: cardiology Keyword: heart murmur Keyword: auscultation Keyword: echocardiography Keyword: electrocardiography Keyword: blood biomarkers Keyword: electrocardiographic Keyword: ECG Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: Barataria Bay Keyword: Louisiana Keyword: Sarasota Bay Keyword: Florida Keyword: Gulf of Mexico Type: Keyword type code: place Resource constraints: title: Cite As Constraints: Use limitation: Linnehan, Barbara K., Forrest M. Gomez, Sharon M. Huston, Adonia Hsu, Ryan Takeshita, Kathleen M. Colegrove, Teri K. Rowles, Craig A. Harms, Whitney B. Musser, Ashley Barratclough, Eric S. Zolman, Brian C. Balmer, Forrest I. Townsend, Carolyn Cray, Jeanine S. Morey, Randall S. Wells, Eric D. Jensen, Lori H. Schwacke, and Cynthia R. Smith. 2020. Cardiac assessments of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) using auscultation, echocardiography, electrocardiography, and blood-based biomarkers. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/n7-b2h2-sm08 Resource constraints: title: CC0 License Legal constraints: Use constraints: Restriction code: licenceUnrestricted Other constraints: This information is released under the Creative Commons license - No Rights Reserved - CC0 1.0 Universal (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. Resource constraints: title: Liability and Warranty Legal constraints: Other constraints: All materials on this website are made available to GRIIDC and in turn to you "as-is." Content may only be submitted by an individual who represents and warrants that s/he has sufficient rights to be able to make the content available under a CC0 waiver. There is no warranty (expressed or implied) to these materials, their title, accuracy, non-infringement of third party rights, or fitness for any particular purpose, including the performance or results you may obtain from their use. Use these materials at your own risk. Under no circumstances shall GRIIDC be liable for any direct, incidental, special, consequential, indirect, or punitive damages that result from the use or the inability to use either this website or the materials available via this website. If you are dissatisfied with any website feature, content, or terms of use, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue use. Aggregation Info: AggregateInformation: Aggregate Data Set Name: title: Related Publication Citation Citation: Title: Linnehan, B. K., Hsu, A., Gomez, F. M., Huston, S. M., Takeshita, R., Colegrove, K. M., … Smith, C. R. (2020). Standardization of Dolphin Cardiac Auscultation and Characterization of Heart Murmurs in Managed and Free-Ranging Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7. doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.570055 Date: inapplicable Aggregate Data Set Identifier: title: Related Publication DOI Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.570055 title: DOI doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.570055 Association Type: Association type code: crossReference Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: biota Extent: Extent: Geographic element: Geographic bounding box: West bound longitude: -90.04652 East bound longitude: -82.56129 South bound latitude: 27.30768 North bound latitude: 29.36863 Geographic element: BoundingPolygon: Polygon: gml:MultiPoint: gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.52041 -82.68038 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.30768 -82.56129 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.4442 -82.67107 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.47109 -82.65343 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.48295 -82.67998 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.47686 -82.66493 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.46449 -82.68324 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.43068 -82.64983 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 27.38949 -82.61934 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.21287 -90.03274 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.23702 -90.01834 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.23813 -90.01337 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24429 -90.00359 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.2456 -89.99906 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24668 -89.99724 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.2377 -90.01788 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24388 -90.00204 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24516 -89.99598 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.23403 -90.01275 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.26042 -89.97694 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.2387 -90.01846 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24492 -90.00156 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.22025 -90.02567 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24943 -90.01475 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.24388 -90.00957 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.20933 -90.03709 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.3596 -90.03914 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.23792 -90.02058 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.245 -89.99934 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.22056 -90.02563 gml:pointMember: Point: gml:pos: 29.36863 -90.04652 Temporal element: Temporal extent: Extent: Time period: Description: ground condition Begin date: 2018-06-11 End date: 2018-07-20 Supplemental Information:
          Worksheet       Column.header           Description
          Wild.dolphin.info       Date    Date (dd-MON-yy)
          Wild.dolphin.info       field_id           Unique identifier for each dolphin in the dataset
          Wild.dolphin.info       latitude            Latitude in decimal degrees
          Wild.dolphin.info       longitude         Longitude in decimal degrees
          Wild.dolphin.info       sex       Sex of the dolphin
          Wild.dolphin.info       age.yrs Age in years, when available, determined by growth layer group counts on extracted teeth
          Wild.dolphin.info       pregnant          Pregnancy status
          Wild.dolphin.info       length.cm        Total length in cm
          Wild.dolphin.info       weight.kg        Body weight in kg
          Murmur           Dolphin.ID      Unique identification number for each patient
          Murmur           Exam.Date      Calendar date that the examination was performed
          Murmur           Exam.Location           Location the examination was performed: BB- Barataria Bay, LA; SB- Sarasota, FL; Navy- San Diego, CA
          Murmur           Sex      Sex of dolphin
          Murmur           Age.yrs            Age of the dolphin in years
          Murmur           Ausculting.Dr Cardiologist who performed auscultation (SMH or AH) or other veterinarian (BKL)
          Murmur           HR.High.bpm Maximum heart rate in beats per minute during the tachycardic phase of the respiratory sinus arrhythmia
          Murmur           HR.Low.bpm  Minimum heart rate in beats per minute during the bradycardic phase of the respiratory sinus arrhythmia
          Murmur           Rythm Heart rhythm (respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), regular rhythm, or irregular)
          Murmur           Murmur.Present          Heart murmur present or absent
          Murmur           Murmur.Type Type of murmur in relation to cardiac cycle (fixed or dynamic)
          Murmur           Fixed.Grade    If murmur is fixed, fixed murmur grade on scale of I-VI
          Murmur           Dynamic.Low.HR.Grade        If murmur is dynamic, dynamic murmur grade on a scale of I-VI during bradycardic phase of respiratory sinus arrhythmia
          Murmur           Dynamic.High.HR.Grade       If murmur is dynamic, dynamic murmur grade on a scale of I-VI during tachycardic phase of respiratory sinus arrhythmia
          Murmur           Murmur.PMI.Location           Location of the murmur point of maximal intensity
          Murmur           Murmur.Timing          Timing of murmur in relation to heart sounds (systolic or diastolic)
          Echo.and.ECG            Dolphin.ID      Unique identification number for each dolphin
          Echo.and.ECG            Exam.Date      Calendar date that the examination was performed
          Echo.and.ECG            Exam.Location           Location the examination was performed: BB- Barataria Bay, LA; SB- Sarasota, FL
          Echo.and.ECG            Sex      Sex of dolphin
          Echo.and.ECG            Pregnant          Pregnancy status of dolphin
          Echo.and.ECG            Weight.kgs      Weight of dolphin in kilograms
          Echo.and.ECG            Age.yrs            Age of dolphin in years
          Echo.and.ECG            Echocardiogram.Performed   Echocardiogram performed or not performed
          Echo.and.ECG            Echo.type        Type of echocardiogram: Transthoracic (TTE) or Transesophogeal (TEE)
          Echo.and.ECG            Echo.by           Cardiologist that performed the echocardiogram: SMH, AH or both
          Echo.and.ECG            Rev.Rep.by     Cardiologist that reviewed and reported the echocardiogram findings: SMH, AH, or both
          Echo.and.ECG            Completeness Level of completion for echocardiogram: complete, nearly complete, partial, or none
          Echo.and.ECG            Window.quality          Quality of cardiac window for ultrasound: excellent, very good, good, fair, poor
          Echo.and.ECG            Image.quality  Quality of images obtained: excellent, very good, good, fair, poor
          Echo.and.ECG            Rhythm.ECG  Electrocardiogram on Vivid IQ echocardiogram machine performed: Yes IQ, No IQ, or NO IQ and arrhythmia suspected
          Echo.and.ECG            Rhythm.sinus  Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (sinus) or other heart rhythm as monitored on ECG during echocardiogram: sinus or N/A (no ECG
          Echo.and.ECG            Rhythm.add.ons          Other heart rhythms as monitored on ECG: N/A (no ECG), No other rhythms noted, ventricular premature contractions, atrial premature contractions, 1st degree AV block, 2nd degree AV block, 3rd degree AV block
          Echo.and.ECG            Thoraic.effusion         Presence of pleural effusion: no pleural effusion, yes pleural effusion or yes uncertain location
          Echo.and.ECG            Pericardial.effusion    Presence of pericardial effusion: no pericardial effusion, yes pericardial effusion or yes uncertain location
          Echo.and.ECG            LA.visualized Left atrium (LA) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            LA/Ao.measured        Left atrium/aorta (LA/Ao) measured: yes or no
          Echo.and.ECG            LA.size            Left atrium size: N/A, unremarkable, mild LA dilation, moderate LA dilation or severe LA dilation
          Echo.and.ECG            LV.visualized Left ventricle (LV) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            LV.motion      Left ventricular motion: N/A, unremarkable, hypodynamic mild, hypodynamic moderate, hypodynamic severe or hyperdynamic
          Echo.and.ECG            LV.papillary   Left ventricular papillary muscles: observed or not observed
          Echo.and.ECG            False.tendons  False tendons: observed or not observed
          Echo.and.ECG            RA.visualized Right atrium (RA) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            RA.size           Right atrium size: N/A, unremarkable, mild LA dilation, moderate LA dilation or severe LA dilation
          Echo.and.ECG            RV.visualized Right ventricle (RV) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            RV.size           Right ventricle size: N/A, decline to comment, unremarkable, mildly dilated, moderately dilated or severely dilated
          Echo.and.ECG            RV.wall.thickness       Right ventricle wall thickness: N/A, decline to comment, unremarkable, mildly increased, moderately increased, severely increased or decreased
          Echo.and.ECG            MV.visualized Mitral valve (MV) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            MV.structure   Mitral valve structure: N/A, structure not well visualized, unremarkable, mild, moderate or severe
          Echo.and.ECG            MV.prolapse   Mitral valve prolapse: N/A, decline to comment, no prolapse or prolapse
          Echo.and.ECG            MV.regurgitation        Mitral valve regurgitation (MR): N/A, color flow not well visualized, none, trace, small jet, medium jet, large jet or pre-systolic MR
          Echo.and.ECG            MR.spectral.doppler   Spectral doppler of mitral regurgitation: not performed/inadequate, no MR to interrogate, normal velocity or abnormal velocity
          Echo.and.ECG            MV.inflow.doppler     Mitral inflows: not performed, performed but not evaluated, normal inflows, abnormal inflows or summated
          Echo.and.ECG            TV.visualized Tricuspid valve (TV) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            TV.structure    Tricuspid valve structure: N/A, structure not well visualized, unremarkable, mild, moderate or severe
          Echo.and.ECG            TV.prolapse    Tricuspid valve prolapse: N/A, decline to comment, no prolapse or prolapse
          Echo.and.ECG            TV.regurgitation         Tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR): N/A, color flow not well visualized, none, trace, small jet, medium jet, large jet or pre-systolic TR
          Echo.and.ECG            TR.spectral.doppler    Spectral doppler of tricuspid regurgitation: not performed/inadequate, no TR to interrogate, normal velocity or abnormal velocity
          Echo.and.ECG            TV.inflow.doppler      Tricuspid inflows: not performed, performed but not evaluated, normal inflows, abnormal inflows or summated
          Echo.and.ECG            AV.visualized Aortic valve (AV) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            AV.structure   Aortic valve structure: N/A, structure not well visualized, unremarkable, mild, moderate or severe
          Echo.and.ECG            AV.insufficiency        Aortic valve insufficiency: N/A, inadequate, none, trace, mild, moderate or severe
          Echo.and.ECG            LV.outflow     Left ventricular outflow color Doppler: not performed/inadequate, laminar or not laminar
          Echo.and.ECG            PV.visualized  Pulmonic valve (PV) visualized: visualized or not well visualized
          Echo.and.ECG            PV.structure    Pulmonic valve structure: N/A, structure not well visualized, unremarkable, mild, moderate or severe
          Echo.and.ECG            PV.insufficiency         Pulmonic valve insufficienc
⋮ for SAA, BNP and ANP and commercially available electrophoresis kits for CK and LDH isoenzymes.||||
Return To Index

Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 3618253604 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: TX Postal code: 78412 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: xlsx Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: zip Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 0.3055 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R6.x809.000:0001 Protocol: https Name: Data Landing Page Description: GRIIDC dataset landing page Function: Online function code: information
Return To Index

Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated from information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R6.x809.000:0001 on 2021-07-29T05:07:57-05:00
Return To Index

Dataset Links: