Dataset for: Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill

The State-of-the-Art Unraveling of the Biotic and Abiotic Chemical Evolution of Macondo Oil: 2010-2018.

DOI:
10.7266/N7D50KHM
 
UDI:
R5.x290.000:0008
Last Update:
Jun 26 2018 16:32 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
Collin Ward, cward@whoi.edu
Point of Contact:
Reddy, Christopher M.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution / Coastal Ocean Institute and Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry
266 Woods Hole Road
Woods Hole, Massachusetts  02543
USA
creddy@whoi.edu
Funding Source:
RFP-V
 
Extent Description:
This dataset reports chemical and physical properties, and dispersant effectiveness of oil exposed to light in the lab, no relevant geographic component.

Identified Submitted In-Review Available
3 3 3 3

Suggested Citation:

Collin Ward, cward@whoi.edu. 2018. Dataset for: Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/N7D50KHM

Abstract:

This dataset reports the results of experiments to assess the effect of photochemical weathering on dispersant effectiveness. Macondo well oil was artificially weathered in the lab for use in dark-control and light-exposed treatments. Light-exposed treatments were exposed in a solar simulator for up to 24 hours. This dataset reports natural and chemical dispersion, carbonyl stretching intensity, dispersant efficacy, density, dynamic viscosity, and adhesion. This dataset supports the publication: Ward, C.P., Armstrong, C.J., Conmy, R.N., French-McCay, D.P., & Reddy, C.M. (2018). Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 5: 226-231. doi: 10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00084

Purpose:

To assess the effect of photochemical weathering on dispersant effectiveness; compare the effect of photochemical to evaporative weathering on dispersant effectiveness; and to characterize the effect of photochemical weathering on the effectiveness of aerial dispersants applied in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill.

Theme Keywords:

dispersants, aerial dispersants, photo-oxidation, photochemical, photo-degradation, weathering, dispersant effectiveness, dispersant efficacy, oxidation, oxygenation, oxyhydrocarbons, oxidized hydrocarbons

File Format:

xlsx

Filename:

Ward et al., 2018 ES&T Letters DATA.xlsx (20.61 KB)

Dataset Downloads:

7

Dataset for: Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R5.x290.000-0008-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Christopher M. Reddy
      Organisation name: 
          Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution / Coastal Ocean Institute and Department of Marine Chemistry and 
          Geochemistry
      Position name: 
          Senior Scientist
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  5082892316
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  266 Woods Hole Road
              City: 
                  Woods Hole
              Administrative area: 
                  Massachusetts
              Postal code: 
                  02543
              Country: 
                  USA
              Electronic mail address: 
                  creddy@whoi.edu
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2018-08-11T13:54:25+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R5.x290.000:0008
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Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: Dataset for: Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill Alternate title: Date: Date: Date: 2018-07-02 Date type: Date type code: publication Identifier: Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.7266/N7D50KHM title: DOI doi:10.7266/N7D50KHM Abstract: This dataset reports the results of experiments to assess the effect of photochemical weathering on dispersant effectiveness. Macondo well oil was artificially weathered in the lab for use in dark-control and light-exposed treatments. Light-exposed treatments were exposed in a solar simulator for up to 24 hours. This dataset reports natural and chemical dispersion, carbonyl stretching intensity, dispersant efficacy, density, dynamic viscosity, and adhesion. This dataset supports the publication: Ward, C.P., Armstrong, C.J., Conmy, R.N., French-McCay, D.P., & Reddy, C.M. (2018). Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill. Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 5: 226-231. doi: 10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00084 Purpose: To assess the effect of photochemical weathering on dispersant effectiveness; compare the effect of photochemical to evaporative weathering on dispersant effectiveness; and to characterize the effect of photochemical weathering on the effectiveness of aerial dispersants applied in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill. Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Christopher M. Reddy Organisation name: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution / Coastal Ocean Institute and Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Position name: Senior Scientist Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 5082892316 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 266 Woods Hole Road City: Woods Hole Administrative area: Massachusetts Postal code: 02543 Country: USA Electronic mail address: creddy@whoi.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: dispersants Keyword: aerial dispersants Keyword: photo-oxidation Keyword: photochemical Keyword: photo-degradation Keyword: weathering Keyword: dispersant effectiveness Keyword: dispersant efficacy Keyword: oxidation Keyword: oxygenation Keyword: oxyhydrocarbons Keyword: oxidized hydrocarbons Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: inapplicable Type: Keyword type code: place Resource constraints: title: Cite As Constraints: Use limitation: Collin Ward, cward@whoi.edu. 2018. Dataset for: Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/N7D50KHM Resource constraints: title: CC0 License Legal constraints: Use constraints: Restriction code: licenceUnrestricted Other constraints: This information is released under the Creative Commons license - No Rights Reserved - CC0 1.0 Universal (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. Resource constraints: title: Liability and Warranty Legal constraints: Other constraints: All materials on this website are made available to GRIIDC and in turn to you "as-is." Content may only be submitted by an individual who represents and warrants that s/he has sufficient rights to be able to make the content available under a CC0 waiver. There is no warranty (expressed or implied) to these materials, their title, accuracy, non-infringement of third party rights, or fitness for any particular purpose, including the performance or results you may obtain from their use. Use these materials at your own risk. Under no circumstances shall GRIIDC be liable for any direct, incidental, special, consequential, indirect, or punitive damages that result from the use or the inability to use either this website or the materials available via this website. If you are dissatisfied with any website feature, content, or terms of use, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue use. Aggregation Info: AggregateInformation: Aggregate Data Set Name: title: Related Publication Citation Citation: Title: Ward, C. P., Armstrong, C. J., Conmy, R. N., French-McCay, D. P., & Reddy, C. M. (2018). Photochemical Oxidation of Oil Reduced the Effectiveness of Aerial Dispersants Applied in Response to the Deepwater Horizon Spill. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00084 Date: inapplicable Aggregate Data Set Identifier: title: Related Publication DOI Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00084 title: DOI doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00084 Association Type: Association type code: crossReference Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: oceans Topic category: Topic category code: environment Extent: Extent: Description: This dataset reports chemical and physical properties, and dispersant effectiveness of oil exposed to light in the lab, no relevant geographic component. Supplemental Information: Time (hours), Chemical dispersion (%), Natural dispersion (%), Carbonyl content (%), Evaporative mass loss (0-30%), Exposure (light-24 hrs or dark), Dispersion (natural or chemical), Dispersant effectiveness (%), Density (g/mL), Viscocity (cP), Adhesion (mg mm^2), Solvent, Solubility (%)|Macondo well oil was artificially weathered in lab in the dark to evaporative mass loss of 8, 15, 20 or 30%. Samples were placed in a solar simulator for up to 24 hours. Dark controls were used. After the incubation the light-exposed and dark-control were recovered and viscosity, density, adhesion and oxygen content were quantified. Viscosity was measured with a microVISC viscometer. Density was measured using a gastight syringe and an analytical balance was used to measure 50uL of sample. Adhesion was measured by submerging a clean stainless steel rod of known weight into 200 uL for 30 seconds, allowing to rest for 30 minutes in a draft shield, and reweighing the rod. FTIR was used to measure carbonyl stretching. The EPA recommended Baffled Flask Test was used to measure dispersant effectiveness. COREXIT EC9500A was used to chemically disperse light and dark treatment at a ratio of 1:20 dispersant:oil. Natural dispersion treatments were the fraction of oil that dispersed without the addition of a dispersant. Photo-oxidized Macondo well oil residues were mixed with dicholormethane, food-grade kerosene, dimethyl sulfoxides, methanol and acetone and solubility was measured.||||
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Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 3618253604 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: TX Postal code: 78412 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: xlsx Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 0.0206 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R5.x290.000:0008 Protocol: https Name: Data Landing Page Description: GRIIDC dataset landing page Function: Online function code: information
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Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated from information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R5.x290.000:0008 on 2021-04-18T16:06:16-05:00
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