Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment from 2010-10-22 to 2013-12-16

A systems approach to improve predictions of biodegradation and ecosystem recovery in coastal marine sediments impacted by oil spill

DOI:
10.7266/n7-kavs-t279
 
UDI:
R5.x278.000:0017
Last Update:
May 16 2019 01:52 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
Markus Huettel, Ioana Bociu
Point of Contact:
Huettel, Markus
Florida State University / Department of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science
1017 Academic Way PO Box 3064520
Tallahassee, Florida  32306
USA
mhuettel@fsu.edu
Funding Source:
RFP-V
 
Extent Description:
Dataset contains PAH concentrations measured during the sSOA experiment in Pensacola Beach, Florida.

Identified Submitted In-Review Available
3 3 3 3

Suggested Citation:

Markus Huettel, Ioana Bociu. 2019. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment from 2010-10-22 to 2013-12-16. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/n7-kavs-t279

Abstract:

The dataset lists the concentrations of detectable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment. In this experiment, 100 sSOAs produced from agglomerates washed-up at Pensacola Beach/Florida and were buried in the upper 50 cm of the sandy beach at Pensacola Beach/Florida. Five pairs of sSOAs contained in stainless steel teaballs were attached to a 50 cm long vertical PVC pipe, such that pairs of sSOAs were positioned a 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm sediment depth. sSOA degradation was followed over 3 years. The sSOA arrays were deployed on October 22nd, 2010, and then retrieved with surrounding sediment at seven monthly to bimonthly intervals for approximately one year and thereafter at three larger intervals until the final sampling on 16 December 2013 (2 Dec10, 19 Jan 11, 2 Mar 11, 21 Apr 11, 16 Jun 11, 28 Jul 11, 14 Sep 11, 10 Jan 12, 26 Oct 12, 16 Dec 13). One parameter monitored was PAH content of the sSOAs. The PAH concentrations measured are reported in this dataset.

Purpose:

After Deepwater Horizon oil contaminated Gulf sandy beaches, quantitative information on the degradation rates of sediment-oil-agglomerates (SOAs) embedded in Gulf of Mexico beach sands was not available, partly because the continuous washing up of SOAs onto the beach (e.g. as released from natural and anthropogenic sources and submerged oil mats) makes the determination of the exact time point when SOAs became buried in the beach difficult. To address this question, a three-year in-situ experiment was initiated that quantified the degradation of standardized MC525-SOAs (sSOAs) buried in a Pensacola sandy beach. The use of sSOAs allowed following the degradation of a known source material that was buried at a known time point, and direct comparison of sSOA composition at the times of burial and after excavation.

Theme Keywords:

Deepwater Horizon, Sediment-oil-agglomerates, PAH, Degradation

File Format:

xlsx

Filename:

PAH.xlsx (30.29 KB)

Dataset Downloads:

30

Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment from 2010-10-22 to 2013-12-16



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R5.x278.000-0017-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Markus Huettel
      Organisation name: 
          Florida State University / Department of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science
      Position name: 
          Professor
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  8506451394
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  1017 Academic Way
                  PO Box 3064520
              City: 
                  Tallahassee
              Administrative area: 
                  Florida
              Postal code: 
                  32306
              Country: 
                  USA
              Electronic mail address: 
                  mhuettel@fsu.edu
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2021-05-04T20:04:56+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R5.x278.000:0017
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Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment from 2010-10-22 to 2013-12-16 Alternate title: sSOA PAH concentrations Date: Date: Date: 2019-06-28 Date type: Date type code: publication Identifier: Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.7266/n7-kavs-t279 title: DOI doi:10.7266/n7-kavs-t279 Abstract: The dataset lists the concentrations of detectable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment. In this experiment, 100 sSOAs produced from agglomerates washed-up at Pensacola Beach/Florida and were buried in the upper 50 cm of the sandy beach at Pensacola Beach/Florida. Five pairs of sSOAs contained in stainless steel teaballs were attached to a 50 cm long vertical PVC pipe, such that pairs of sSOAs were positioned a 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm sediment depth. sSOA degradation was followed over 3 years. The sSOA arrays were deployed on October 22nd, 2010, and then retrieved with surrounding sediment at seven monthly to bimonthly intervals for approximately one year and thereafter at three larger intervals until the final sampling on 16 December 2013 (2 Dec10, 19 Jan 11, 2 Mar 11, 21 Apr 11, 16 Jun 11, 28 Jul 11, 14 Sep 11, 10 Jan 12, 26 Oct 12, 16 Dec 13). One parameter monitored was PAH content of the sSOAs. The PAH concentrations measured are reported in this dataset. Purpose: After Deepwater Horizon oil contaminated Gulf sandy beaches, quantitative information on the degradation rates of sediment-oil-agglomerates (SOAs) embedded in Gulf of Mexico beach sands was not available, partly because the continuous washing up of SOAs onto the beach (e.g. as released from natural and anthropogenic sources and submerged oil mats) makes the determination of the exact time point when SOAs became buried in the beach difficult. To address this question, a three-year in-situ experiment was initiated that quantified the degradation of standardized MC525-SOAs (sSOAs) buried in a Pensacola sandy beach. The use of sSOAs allowed following the degradation of a known source material that was buried at a known time point, and direct comparison of sSOA composition at the times of burial and after excavation. Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Markus Huettel Organisation name: Florida State University / Department of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Science Position name: Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 8506451394 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 1017 Academic Way PO Box 3064520 City: Tallahassee Administrative area: Florida Postal code: 32306 Country: USA Electronic mail address: mhuettel@fsu.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Joel E. Kostka Organisation name: Georgia Institute of Technology / School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Position name: Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 4043853325 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 310 Ferst Drive City: Atlanta Administrative area: Georgia Postal code: 30332 Country: USA Electronic mail address: joel.kostka@biology.gatech.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: Deepwater Horizon Keyword: Sediment-oil-agglomerates Keyword: PAH Keyword: Degradation Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: inapplicable Type: Keyword type code: place Resource constraints: title: Cite As Constraints: Use limitation: Markus Huettel, Ioana Bociu. 2019. Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) measured during the standardized sediment-oil-agglomerate (sSOA) experiment from 2010-10-22 to 2013-12-16. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/n7-kavs-t279 Resource constraints: title: CC0 License Legal constraints: Use constraints: Restriction code: licenceUnrestricted Other constraints: This information is released under the Creative Commons license - No Rights Reserved - CC0 1.0 Universal (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. Resource constraints: title: Liability and Warranty Legal constraints: Other constraints: All materials on this website are made available to GRIIDC and in turn to you "as-is." Content may only be submitted by an individual who represents and warrants that s/he has sufficient rights to be able to make the content available under a CC0 waiver. There is no warranty (expressed or implied) to these materials, their title, accuracy, non-infringement of third party rights, or fitness for any particular purpose, including the performance or results you may obtain from their use. Use these materials at your own risk. Under no circumstances shall GRIIDC be liable for any direct, incidental, special, consequential, indirect, or punitive damages that result from the use or the inability to use either this website or the materials available via this website. If you are dissatisfied with any website feature, content, or terms of use, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue use. Aggregation Info: AggregateInformation: Aggregate Data Set Name: title: Related Publication Citation Citation: Title: Bociu, I., Shin, B., Wells, W. B., Kostka, J. E., Konstantinidis, K. T., & Huettel, M. (2019). Decomposition of sediment-oil-agglomerates in a Gulf of Mexico sandy beach. Scientific Reports, 9(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46301-w Date: inapplicable Aggregate Data Set Identifier: title: Related Publication DOI Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46301-w title: DOI doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46301-w Association Type: Association type code: crossReference Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: oceans Topic category: Topic category code: environment Extent: Extent: Description: Dataset contains PAH concentrations measured during the sSOA experiment in Pensacola Beach, Florida. Supplemental Information: PAH concentrations are listed in μg kg-1 dry sediment. PAHs not listed were below the detection limit.|A ~200 mg aliquot of each sSOA was weighed and extracted in an accelerated pressurized solvent extractor (Buchi SpeedExtractor E-914) according to the US EPA Method 3545A modified for in-cell extract clean-up. Extraction recovery averaged 102% (1SD=31.7). The resulting 40 mL DCM-solution was concentrated in a Buchi Syncore Analyst and transferred to n-hexane producing a 1 mL hydrocarbon extract. The extracts were analyzed on an Agilent 7890A gas chromatograph J&W (Agilent Select PAH GC Column (30 m x 0.25 mm x 0.15 µm)) equipped with an Agilent 7000 Triple Quadrupole mass spectrometer. 36 aromatic hydrocarbons were evaluated. The PAHs included the 16 US EPA priority compounds and 11 additional PAHs listed in the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). PAHs evaluated are listed below:
          
DB-naphthalene Naphthalene 2-Fiuorobiphenyl Biphenyl Acenaphthylene 2-Bromonaphthalene Acenaphthene Fluorene Dibenzothiophene DlO-phenanthrene Phenanthrene DlO-anthracene Anthracene Ortho-terphenyl Fluoranthene DlO-pyrene Pyrene Benzo(c)phenanthrene Benz(a)anthracene D12-chrysene Chrysene Benzo(b)fluoranthene Benzo(k)fluoranthene 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) Benzo(j)fluoranthene Benzo(e)pyrene Benzo(a)pyrene D12-perylene Perylene 3-Methylcholanthrene ndeno(l,2,3-c,d)pyrene Dibenz(a,h)anthracene Benzo(g,h,i)perylene Dibenzo(a,I)pyrene Dibenzo(a,i)pyrene Dibenzo(a,h)pyrene|Buchi SpeedExtractor E-914, Agilent 7890A gas chromatograph, Agilent 7000 Triple Quadrupole mass spectrometer.|Sampling dates: 2 Dec 10, 19 Jan 11, 2 Mar 11, 21 Apr 11, 16 Jun 11, 28 Jul 11, 14 Sep 11, 10 Jan 12, 26 Oct 12, 16 Dec 13. On each of these dates, 10 sSOAs were retrieved from the study site.||
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Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 3618253604 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: TX Postal code: 78412 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: xlsx Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 0.0303 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R5.x278.000:0017 Protocol: https Name: Data Landing Page Description: GRIIDC dataset landing page Function: Online function code: information
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Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated from information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R5.x278.000:0017 on 2021-09-23T20:03:47-05:00
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