Effects of oil exposure, plant species composition, and plant genotypic diversity on salt marsh and mangrove assemblages: A mesocosm study from September 2015 to September 2016

Alabama Center for Ecological Resilience (ACER)

DOI:
10.7266/N7K93629
 
UDI:
R4.x262.000:0034
Last Update:
Aug 02 2018 18:11 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
A. Randall Hughes, J. Cebrian, K. Heck, J. Goff, T. C. Hanley, W. Scheffel, R.A. Zerebecki
Point of Contact:
Hughes, Randall Anne
Northeastern University / Marine Science Center
430 Nahant Rd
Nahant, Massachusetts  01908
USA
rhughes@northeastern.edu
Funding Source:
RFP-IV
 
Extent Description:
Dataset contains plant images and productivity data from a mesocosm study. Spartina alterniflora were greenhouse grown at the Florida State University Coastal and Marine Laboratory. Avicennia germinans were purchased from a nursery in Louisiana.

Identified Submitted In-Review Available
3 3 3 3

Suggested Citation:

A. Randall Hughes, J. Cebrian, K. Heck, J. Goff, T. C. Hanley, W. Scheffel, R.A. Zerebecki. 2018. Effects of oil exposure, plant species composition, and plant genotypic diversity on salt marsh and mangrove assemblages: A mesocosm study from September 2015 to September 2016. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/N7K93629

Abstract:

This dataset contains images and productivity data from a yearlong mesocosm experiment. We included three plant composition treatments: Spartina alterniflora only, Avicennia germinans only, and S. alterniflora and A. germinans mix (SA+AG). In addition, within the treatments containing S. alterniflora, we examined the effects of plant genotypic identity and diversity using 1 genotype (monoculture) or 3 genotypes (3 genotypes randomly selected from a pool of 6 genotypes; polyculture). In the two oil-exposed mesocosms, we used a 5-day repetitive dosage procedure, with each experimental tub receiving an initial 1 L m-2 of a 1:1 oil-water mixture. In the two non-oiled mesocosms, seawater was added using the same procedure. During each of our four post-oil sampling events (Dec. 2015 - Sept. 2016), we quantified plant survival, growth, morphology, and production of both Spartina and Avicennia as a function of plant diversity and oiling. Related data can be found in GRIIDC datasets R4.x262.000:0025, R4.x262.000:0026, and R4.x262.000:0035.

Purpose:

To test the effects of plant species identity and composition (A. germinans, S. alterniflora), as well as plant genotypic diversity (S. alterniflora only) on the response of coastal wetlands to oiling disturbance.

Theme Keywords:

Avicennia germinans, Deepwater Horizon, disturbance, mesocosm, primary production, range shift, Spartina alterniflora, genotypic diversity

File Format:

csv, jpg, mov

Filename:

AG_SA_mesocosm_2015_2016.zip (3.23 GB)

Dataset Downloads:

11

Effects of oil exposure, plant species composition, and plant genotypic diversity on salt marsh and mangrove assemblages: A mesocosm study from September 2015 to September 2016



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R4.x262.000-0034-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Lei Hu
      Organisation name: 
          Dauphin Island Sea Lab (DISL) / University Programs
      Position name: 
          Data Manager
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  2518617521
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  101 Bienville Blvd
              City: 
                  Dauphin Island
              Administrative area: 
                  Alabama
              Postal code: 
                  36528
              Country: 
                  USA
              Electronic mail address: 
                  lhu@disl.org
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2018-08-27T20:27:05+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R4.x262.000:0034
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Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: Effects of oil exposure, plant species composition, and plant genotypic diversity on salt marsh and mangrove assemblages: A mesocosm study from September 2015 to September 2016 Alternate title: Date: Date: Date: 2018-08-14 Date type: Date type code: publication Identifier: Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.7266/N7K93629 title: DOI doi:10.7266/N7K93629 Abstract: This dataset contains images and productivity data from a yearlong mesocosm experiment. We included three plant composition treatments: Spartina alterniflora only, Avicennia germinans only, and S. alterniflora and A. germinans mix (SA+AG). In addition, within the treatments containing S. alterniflora, we examined the effects of plant genotypic identity and diversity using 1 genotype (monoculture) or 3 genotypes (3 genotypes randomly selected from a pool of 6 genotypes; polyculture). In the two oil-exposed mesocosms, we used a 5-day repetitive dosage procedure, with each experimental tub receiving an initial 1 L m-2 of a 1:1 oil-water mixture. In the two non-oiled mesocosms, seawater was added using the same procedure. During each of our four post-oil sampling events (Dec. 2015 - Sept. 2016), we quantified plant survival, growth, morphology, and production of both Spartina and Avicennia as a function of plant diversity and oiling. Related data can be found in GRIIDC datasets R4.x262.000:0025, R4.x262.000:0026, and R4.x262.000:0035. Purpose: To test the effects of plant species identity and composition (A. germinans, S. alterniflora), as well as plant genotypic diversity (S. alterniflora only) on the response of coastal wetlands to oiling disturbance. Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Randall Anne Hughes Organisation name: Northeastern University / Marine Science Center Position name: Assistant Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 7815817370 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 430 Nahant Rd City: Nahant Administrative area: Massachusetts Postal code: 01908 Country: USA Electronic mail address: rhughes@northeastern.edu Role: Role code: principalInvestigator Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: Avicennia germinans Keyword: Deepwater Horizon Keyword: disturbance Keyword: mesocosm Keyword: primary production Keyword: range shift Keyword: Spartina alterniflora Keyword: genotypic diversity Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: inapplicable Type: Keyword type code: place Resource constraints: title: Cite As Constraints: Use limitation: A. Randall Hughes, J. Cebrian, K. Heck, J. Goff, T. C. Hanley, W. Scheffel, R.A. Zerebecki. 2018. Effects of oil exposure, plant species composition, and plant genotypic diversity on salt marsh and mangrove assemblages: A mesocosm study from September 2015 to September 2016. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/N7K93629 Resource constraints: title: CC0 License Legal constraints: Use constraints: Restriction code: licenceUnrestricted Other constraints: This information is released under the Creative Commons license - No Rights Reserved - CC0 1.0 Universal (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. Resource constraints: title: Liability and Warranty Legal constraints: Other constraints: All materials on this website are made available to GRIIDC and in turn to you "as-is." Content may only be submitted by an individual who represents and warrants that s/he has sufficient rights to be able to make the content available under a CC0 waiver. There is no warranty (expressed or implied) to these materials, their title, accuracy, non-infringement of third party rights, or fitness for any particular purpose, including the performance or results you may obtain from their use. Use these materials at your own risk. Under no circumstances shall GRIIDC be liable for any direct, incidental, special, consequential, indirect, or punitive damages that result from the use or the inability to use either this website or the materials available via this website. If you are dissatisfied with any website feature, content, or terms of use, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue use. Aggregation Info: AggregateInformation: Aggregate Data Set Name: title: Related Publication Citation Citation: Title: Hughes, A. R., Cebrian, J., Heck, K., Goff, J., Hanley, T. C., Scheffel, W., & Zerebecki, R. A. (2018). Effects of oil exposure, plant species composition, and plant genotypic diversity on salt marsh and mangrove assemblages. Ecosphere, 9(4), e02207. doi:10.1002/ecs2.2207 Date: inapplicable Aggregate Data Set Identifier: title: Related Publication DOI Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2207 title: DOI doi:10.1002/ecs2.2207 Association Type: Association type code: crossReference Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: oceans Topic category: Topic category code: environment Topic category: Topic category code: biota Extent: Extent: Description: Dataset contains plant images and productivity data from a mesocosm study. Spartina alterniflora were greenhouse grown at the Florida State University Coastal and Marine Laboratory. Avicennia germinans were purchased from a nursery in Louisiana. Supplemental Information: AG_SA_repeatedmeasures_includingRawdata(1).csv: Mesocosm: Large cattle container (1-4) Oil: Refers to if the mesocosm received oil or not Tub: Individual tub (1-25) within each mesocosm that plants were planted in AG present: Yes, if Avicennia germinans was planted in Tub SA present: Yes, if Spartina alterniflora was planted in Tub Species trt: Species treatment in Tub; One of three combinations: AG only (Avicennia only), SA only (Spartina only) or SA and AG (both Spartina and Avicennia planted) Genetic trt: In tubs that contained Spartina (i.e. SA only and SA + AG), Spartina genotypic diversity was manipulated as either Poly (refers to polyculture of 3 different genotypes planted) or Mono (refers to monoculture of a single Spartina genotype planted) Plant treatment: Combination of Species trt and Genetic trt Spartina ID: If Spartina was present in tub, this indicates which genotypes were planted (1 if monoculture and 3 genotypes separated by commas if polyculture) Date: Refers to sampling date SA live: number of live Spartina stems in tub SA live per transplant: number of live Spartina stems divided by the number of Spartina transplants planted initial (i.e. 3, or 6) SA H1-H6: height of individual Spartina stems (H1) in cm SA avg ht: average height of 5-6 randomly chosen Spartina stems (H1-6) # AG transplant: number of Avicennia transplant originally planted (i.e. 0, 3, or 6) AG H1-6: height of individual Avicennia transplants (cm) AG Leaf 1-6: number of leaves on individual Avicennia transplants AG Branch 1-6: number of branches on individual Avicennia transplants AG D1 1-6: tree diameter one for each individual Avicennia transplants AG D2 1-6: tree diameter two for each individual Avicennia transplants AG avg ht: average Avicennia height (of all live individual in tub) AG leaves: average number of Avicennia leaves per individual AG crown: average Avicennia crown area. Crown area was calculated using the equation for an ellipse and measurement of crown diameter in two perpendicular directions at the top of the tree for each individual AG volume: average Avicennia crown volume. Crown volume was calculated as crown area * height for each individual AG leaf area: average Avicennia leaf area. Estimated using a leaf tagging technique developed by Onuf et al. (1977). 5 leaves from each of 2 seedlings per tub were tagged and photographed in September 2015 and then re-photographed in Dec. 2015, July 2016, and Sept. 2016. All images were processed with ImageJ to estimate leaf area. AG survival: proportion of live Avicennia seedlings per tub
          
AG_SA_indiv_timepoints_mesocosm_2015_2016.csv: Mesocosm: Large cattle container (1-4) Oil: Refers to if the mesocosm received oil or not Tub: Individual tub (1-25) within each mesocosm that plants were planted in AG present: Yes, if Avicennia germinans was planted in Tub SA present: Yes, if Spartina alterniflora was planted in Tub Species trt: Species treatment in Tub; One of three combinations: AG only (Avicennia only), SA only (Spartina only) or SA and AG (both Spartina and Avicennia planted) Genetic trt: In tubs that contained Spartina (i.e. SA only and SA + AG), Spartina genotypic diversity was manipulated as either Poly (refers to polyculture of 3 different genotypes planted) or Mono (refers to monoculture of a single Spartina genotype planted) Plant treatment: Combination of Species trt and Genetic trt Spartina ID: If Spartina was present in tub, this indicates which genotypes were planted (1 if monoculture and 3 genotypes separated by commas if polyculture) Dec 2015 SA flowers: Number of Spartina flowering stems in each tub in December 2015 Dec 2015 SA seeds: Total number of seeds from all Spartina flowering stem in December 2015 Sept 2016 SA Above biomass: Average aboveground Spartina biomass (g) in September 2016. Biomass was estimated by collecting two sediment cores (5 cm diameter and 10 cm deep), rinsing away sediment and splitting biomass into above (shoots and leaves) and below (roots and rhizomes), then dried for 72hrs at 60C. Sept 2016 SA Root biomass: Average belowground Spartina root biomass (g), see above for methods Sept 2016 SA Rhiz biomass: Average belowground Spartina rhizome biomass (g), see above for methods Sept 2016 SA flower: Number of Spartina flowering stems in each tub in September 2016 Sept 2016 SA seeds: Total number of seeds from all Spartina flowering stem in September 2016 Sept 2016 Redox: Sediment oxidation reduction potential measured in mV using a Thermo Scientific Orion Star Series A321 Portable pH meter at depth of 5 cm. Sept 2016 Temp: Sediment temperature (C), measured at same time and methods as Redox Sept 2016 SA Below biomass: Average total belowground Spartina biomass (g), combination of both roots and rhizome, see above for methods Sept 2016 AG Below biomass: Average total belowground Avicennia biomass (g), see above for methods Dec 2015 SA leaf growth: Average Spartina leaf growth in December 2015. Similar methods to AG leaf area above Sept 2016 SA leaf growth: Average Spartina leaf growth in September 2016. Similar methods to AG leaf area above
          
Mangrove_productivity_image.csv: Date: Date that samples were collected (2015 and 2016 only) Mesocosm: Number assigned to each mesocosm at the beginning of the experiment. Mesocosms 2 and 4 received oil, 1 and 3 were controls Replicate: Replicates within each mesocosm. Numbers systematically assigned M Plant Treatment: Mangrove treatment assigned to the replicate. "AM and SA" denotes Black Mangrove and Spartina alterniflora mixed together in the same replicate. "AM ONLY" denotes that only Black Mangrove is present in the treatment M Type: Notes replicate mangrove tree measured within the treatment replicate Comments: Comments cultivated during leaf tagging and image analysis Image File Name: The file name assigned to each image taken Leaf No.: The number assigned to a leaf on each replicate tree. Leaf 1 is a randomly chosen leaf near the base of the tree, and subsequent leaves are assigned in order as you move vertically (i.e. the "highest leaf" is leaf 5). Leaf Area: Area of the leaf determined by image analysis|Mesocosms 2 and 4 received oil, 1 and 3 were controls. A 30 L sample of Louisiana sweet crude oil was procured and weathered outdoor using bubble aeration for 5 days resulting in approximately 20% volume lost. Oiling began Oct. 6, 2015. A 5 day repetitive dosage procedure was used for the oiling treatment. Each mesocosm received an initial 1:1 oil to seawater mixture (350:350 mL). This was allowed to percolate through the sediment and drain into a collection tray. The collected mixture was then reapplied the following day. Control treatments received 700 mL of seawater only. No additional applications of oil were conducted after the initial oiling. All images were processed with ImageJ software.||||Onuf CP, Teal JM, Valiela I (1977) Interactions of nutrients, plant growth and herbivory in a mangrove ecosystem. Ecology 58:414-526
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Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 3618253604 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: TX Postal code: 78412 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: csv, jpg, mov Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: zip Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 3225.6347 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R4.x262.000:0034 Protocol: https Name: Data Landing Page Description: GRIIDC dataset landing page Function: Online function code: information
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Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated from information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R4.x262.000:0034 on 2020-09-24T11:20:47-05:00
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