Taxon-specific fine-scale distribution, abundance, and environmental affinity of gelatinous zooplankton during Fall, Spring, and Summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2015-10-30 to 2016-07-26

Consortium for Oil Spill Exposure Pathways in Coastal River-Dominated Ecosystems (CONCORDE)

DOI:
10.7266/n7-eftc-7p89
 
UDI:
R4.x260.000:0107
Last Update:
Sep 24 2019 12:36 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
Chiaverano, Luciano, Adam Greer, Valerie Cruz, Olivia Lestrade, Christian Biseno-Avena, Frank Hernandez, Monty Graham, and Robert Cowen
Point of Contact:
Hernandez, Frank
University of Southern Mississippi / Department of Coastal Sciences
Gulf Coast Research Laboratory 703 East Beach Drive
Ocean Springs, Mississippi  39564
USA
frank.hernandez@usm.edu
Funding Source:
RFP-IV
Data Collection Period:
2015-10-30 to 2016-07-26

Identified Submitted In-Review Available
3 3 3 3

Suggested Citation:

Chiaverano, Luciano, Adam Greer, Valerie Cruz, Olivia Lestrade, Christian Biseno-Avena, Frank Hernandez, Monty Graham, and Robert Cowen. 2021. Taxon-specific fine-scale distribution, abundance, and environmental affinity of gelatinous zooplankton during Fall, Spring, and Summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2015-10-30 to 2016-07-26. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/n7-eftc-7p89

Abstract:

The dataset examines the fine-scale patterns of distribution, abundance, and environmental affinities of different gelatinous zooplankton taxa in three different seasons - Fall (October 30, 2015) Spring (March 30 and April 4, 2016) and Summer (July 26, 2016), along a ~60 km transect south of Perdido Bay, Florida. As part of the CONCORDE field sampling campaign, an in situ imaging system (ISIIS) was used to sample along 3 north to south transects spanning about 54 km. This dataset examines the eastern-most transect for fine-scale distribution, abundances, and environmental affinities of 26 gelatinous zooplankton taxa within five major groups: hydromedusae, ctenophores, siphonophores, salps, and doliolids. Particles above a 2000 pixel size threshold (~3.3 mm equivalent spherical diameter) were automatically extracted and manually identified with the highest taxonomic resolution possible (in many cases, to genus level). The ISIIS collected images of plankton were merged with high-resolution physical oceanographic using the nearest time stamp. The goal of the study was to describe patterns of spatial distribution and abundance, as well as to establish taxon-specific environmental affinities of the gelatinous zooplankton community within and among seasons. This information is useful for understanding potential oil exposure rates for different organisms inhabiting the shelf ecosystem.

Purpose:

The goal of the study was to describe patterns of spatial distribution and abundance, as well as to establish taxon-specific environmental affinities of the gelatinous zooplankton community to understand potential oil exposure rates for different groups inhabiting the shelf ecosystem.

Theme Keywords:

jellyfish, zooplankton, environmental affinity, habitat partitioning, taxon-specific abundace, taxon-specific distribution, gelatinous zooplankton, In-situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System (ISIIS)

File Format:

csv, R, tif

Cold Storage:

NOTE: Due to the large size of this dataset it has been archived to cold storage. The dataset file has been replaced by a manifest file with instructions on how to request this data: R4.x260.000.0107-manifest.zip (90.35 MB).

Filename:

R4.x260.000.0107-data.tar.gz (27.01 GB)

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Taxon-specific fine-scale distribution, abundance, and environmental affinity of gelatinous zooplankton during Fall, Spring, and Summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2015-10-30 to 2016-07-26



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R4.x260.000-0107-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Luciano Chiaverano
      Organisation name: 
          The University of Southern Mississippi
      Position name: 
          Post Doctoral Research Associate
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  808-206-2903
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  14876 Loveless Dr. ,
              City: 
                  Gulfport
              Administrative area: 
                  MS
              Postal code: 
                  39503
              Country: 
                  United States
              Electronic mail address: 
                  Lchiaverano@gmail.com
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2021-10-06T15:54:36+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R4.x260.000:0107
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Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: Taxon-specific fine-scale distribution, abundance, and environmental affinity of gelatinous zooplankton during Fall, Spring, and Summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2015-10-30 to 2016-07-26 Alternate title: Distribution, abundance, and environmental affinity of gelatinous zooplankton in the northern Gulf of Mexico Date: Date: Date: 2021-01-14 Date type: Date type code: publication Identifier: Identifier: Code: Anchor: xlink: https://dx.doi.org/10.7266/n7-eftc-7p89 title: DOI doi:10.7266/n7-eftc-7p89 Abstract: The dataset examines the fine-scale patterns of distribution, abundance, and environmental affinities of different gelatinous zooplankton taxa in three different seasons - Fall (October 30, 2015) Spring (March 30 and April 4, 2016) and Summer (July 26, 2016), along a ~60 km transect south of Perdido Bay, Florida. As part of the CONCORDE field sampling campaign, an in situ imaging system (ISIIS) was used to sample along 3 north to south transects spanning about 54 km. This dataset examines the eastern-most transect for fine-scale distribution, abundances, and environmental affinities of 26 gelatinous zooplankton taxa within five major groups: hydromedusae, ctenophores, siphonophores, salps, and doliolids. Particles above a 2000 pixel size threshold (~3.3 mm equivalent spherical diameter) were automatically extracted and manually identified with the highest taxonomic resolution possible (in many cases, to genus level). The ISIIS collected images of plankton were merged with high-resolution physical oceanographic using the nearest time stamp. The goal of the study was to describe patterns of spatial distribution and abundance, as well as to establish taxon-specific environmental affinities of the gelatinous zooplankton community within and among seasons. This information is useful for understanding potential oil exposure rates for different organisms inhabiting the shelf ecosystem. Purpose: The goal of the study was to describe patterns of spatial distribution and abundance, as well as to establish taxon-specific environmental affinities of the gelatinous zooplankton community to understand potential oil exposure rates for different groups inhabiting the shelf ecosystem. Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Frank Hernandez Organisation name: University of Southern Mississippi / Department of Coastal Sciences Position name: Assistant Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 2288188800 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: Gulf Coast Research Laboratory 703 East Beach Drive City: Ocean Springs Administrative area: Mississippi Postal code: 39564 Country: USA Electronic mail address: frank.hernandez@usm.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: William (Monty) Graham Organisation name: University of Southern Mississippi / Department of Marine Science Position name: Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 2286883177 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 1020 Balch Blvd. City: Stennis Space Center Administrative area: Mississippi Postal code: 39529 Country: USA Electronic mail address: monty.graham@usm.edu Role: Role code: author Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Luciano Chiaverano Organisation name: The University of Southern Mississippi Position name: Post Doctoral Research Associate Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 808-206-2903 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 14876 Loveless Dr. , City: Gulfport Administrative area: MS Postal code: 39503 Country: United States Electronic mail address: Lchiaverano@gmail.com Role: Role code: pointOfContact Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Adam Greer Organisation name: University of Georgia / Skidaway Institute of Oceanography Position name: Assistant Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 912-598-2334 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 10 Ocean Science Circle City: Savannah Administrative area: GA Postal code: 31411 Country: USA Electronic mail address: atgreer@uga.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: jellyfish Keyword: zooplankton Keyword: environmental affinity Keyword: habitat partitioning Keyword: taxon-specific abundace Keyword: taxon-specific distribution Keyword: gelatinous zooplankton Keyword: In-situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System (ISIIS) Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: northern Gulf of Mexico Keyword: Perdido Bay Keyword: Florida Type: Keyword type code: place Resource constraints: title: Cite As Constraints: Use limitation: Chiaverano, Luciano, Adam Greer, Valerie Cruz, Olivia Lestrade, Christian Biseno-Avena, Frank Hernandez, Monty Graham, and Robert Cowen. 2021. Taxon-specific fine-scale distribution, abundance, and environmental affinity of gelatinous zooplankton during Fall, Spring, and Summer in the northern Gulf of Mexico, 2015-10-30 to 2016-07-26. Distributed by: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC), Harte Research Institute, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi. doi:10.7266/n7-eftc-7p89 Resource constraints: title: CC0 License Legal constraints: Use constraints: Restriction code: licenceUnrestricted Other constraints: This information is released under the Creative Commons license - No Rights Reserved - CC0 1.0 Universal (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/). The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission. Resource constraints: title: Liability and Warranty Legal constraints: Other constraints: All materials on this website are made available to GRIIDC and in turn to you "as-is." Content may only be submitted by an individual who represents and warrants that s/he has sufficient rights to be able to make the content available under a CC0 waiver. There is no warranty (expressed or implied) to these materials, their title, accuracy, non-infringement of third party rights, or fitness for any particular purpose, including the performance or results you may obtain from their use. Use these materials at your own risk. Under no circumstances shall GRIIDC be liable for any direct, incidental, special, consequential, indirect, or punitive damages that result from the use or the inability to use either this website or the materials available via this website. If you are dissatisfied with any website feature, content, or terms of use, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue use. Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: oceans Topic category: Topic category code: biota Topic category: Topic category code: environment Extent: Extent: Geographic element: Geographic bounding box: West bound longitude: -87.52995 East bound longitude: -87.525202 South bound latitude: 29.743628 North bound latitude: 30.188865 Geographic element: BoundingPolygon: Polygon: gml:MultiCurve: gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 gml:curveMember: gml:Curve: gml:segments: gml:LineStringSegment: gml:posList: 30.188865 -87.52995 30.013835 -87.529663 29.947831 -87.527879 29.902337 -87.525529 29.887055 -87.527708 29.870998 -87.527883 29.781297 -87.525202 29.743628 -87.526243 Temporal element: Temporal extent: Extent: Time period: Description: ground condition Begin date: 2015-10-30 End date: 2016-07-26 Supplemental Information: The folder named “Zooplankton Data (.csv and R-script files)” contains count data (files with “BioPhys” in their name, csv files) and abundance data (files with “concentration” in their names, csv files) per taxa paired with physical data, as well as R-script files with the codes used to process the raw data. There is one R-script file per main taxonomic group (ctenophora, siphonophora, hydromedusae, and tunicates), per transect (one transect in the Fall, two transects in Spring, and one transect in Summer). The folder named “Classified zooplankton images” contains subfolders with images taken by the ISIIS. The images represent segments extracted from raw images, and each segment represents, in most cases, one zooplankton individual. Segment folders are sorted by season. Folders named “ECorr XXXXX All zooplankton 3mm-12cm” contain all the image segments classified into taxonomic groups for this study, while the rest of the folders only contain the classified segments that corresponded to gelatinous zooplankton.
          
Description of columns in “biophys” csv files: Nearjul: nearest Julian time in the physical dataset used to merge with biological data, Julian: julian time of the biological data(CDT), ID: final taxonomic identification, Other: broader taxonomic classification, Junk: N/A, Label: image file name, Slice: image number within an image stack of 430 images, Xloc = x pixel location within the larger frame, Yloc = y pixel location within the larger frame, Width = width of bounding box (pixels), Height = height of bounding box (pixels), UTC: time, timestamp: same as “label”, Alt: distance from benthos (m), Temp: temperature (Celsius degrees), Depth (m), Flour: chlorophyll-a fluorescence (raw voltage), Fvel: forward velocity (m/sec), 0 indicates unreliable reading from Doppler Velocity Log (DVL), Heading: heading of the ISIIS vehicle (degrees), 02: oxygen concentration (invalid conversion to mg L - this conversion is made correctly in the R script), O2 volts (volts), PAR: photosynthetic active radiation(micro Einsteins/cm^2), Parvolts (volts), Pitch: pitch of ISIIS vehicle (degrees), Roll: roll of the ISIIS vehicle (degrees), Salinity (ppt), Lat = latitude (decimal degrees), Lon = longitude (decimal degrees), vertvel: vertical velocity (cm/sec), altok: binary variable that indicates if altitude data are valid (1-valid, 0-error), 02delay: oxygen in volts from the physical dataset, oxygen: oxygen concentration (mg / L). Note: we used the formula supplied by the oxygen sensor (Seabird electronics) to convert the oxygen voltage, temperature, salinity, and depth to dissolved oxygen concentration. Units were converted to mg/L by dividing the oxygen the mL/L concentration values by 0.75189 (see ICES unit conversion). The values for “O2” are incorrect due to an error in the software that converts the voltage. The appropriate conversions were made in the R scripts.
          
Description of columns in “concentration” .csv files: Rdist: distance travelled by the ISIIS (m) from an initial reference point (distance zero). Each row on this column represents a different “transect bin”, each one of 19.25 m in length. This length is roughly equivalent to a sampled volume of 1 m^3 by the ISIIS. ID: taxonomic identification, mjul: mean julian time, pco: number of individuals per m3 (abundance), mdepth: mean depth (m), msal: mean salinity, mtemp: mean temperature (degrees Celsius), mlat: mean latitude, mfluor: mean chlorophyll-a fluorescence (raw voltage), moxyg: mean oxygen concentration (mg / L).
          
ID codes (csv files): Hydromedusae: Aglantha: Aglantha elata, Aglaura: Aglaura hemistoma, Clytia: Clytia spp, Corymorpha: Corymorpha nutans, Eutima: Eutima variabilis, Halicreas: Halicreas sp (?), Liriope: Liriope tetraphylla, Octophialucium: Octophialucium spp, Pegantha: Cunina sp (?), Proboscidactyla: Proboscidactyla ornata, Solmaris: Solmaris sp, Solmundella: Solmundella bitentaculata. Ctenophores: Lobate: Mnemiopsis leidyi, Nuda: Beroe sp, Cydippid: Pleurobrachia sp., Venus: Cestum sp. Siphonophores: SiphoA: Abylopsis tetragona, SiphoB: Lensia sp (?) (eudoxid stage), SiphoC: Nanomia bijuga, Sipho D: Lensia sp (?) (poligastric stage), SiphoE: Spheronectes gracilis, SiphoF: Muggiaea kochi. Tunicates: Doliolid: Doliolum intermedium, Salp: all salps (all species included).
          
Codes in images: Each image name follows the same format. For example: “chaeto_Plankton_20160726112037.919.tif_323_396_64_101_88”. This translates into : “ID_Plankton_YYYYMMDDHHMMSS.SSS. tif_Slice_xpos_ypos_xlength_ylength” - where the YYYY = year, MM = month, DD = day, HH = hour, MM = minute, SS.SSS = seconds to nearest thousandths of a second of the time of the first image in the image stack. The closer “ID” is to “Plankton”, the broader the classification category is. Note some files have two or more “ID” categories before “Plankton” in their names. Anemone: pelagic anthozoan larvae, Chaeto: chaetognaths, Cteno: ctenophores, Diatom: diatom chain, Fish: fish larva, Heterop: Heteropoda larva, Hydro: hydromedusa, Marinesnow: marine snow, Other: other zooplankton, Sipho: siphonophora, schlie: Schlieren effect in images, Shrimp: decapod shrimp, Salp: pelagic tunicate (salps and doliolids), Stoma: Stomatopoda larva, Unk: unknown, unidentifiable object. Slice is the frame number within the image stack. Xpos and ypos are the x and y position of the segment within the image. Xlength and ylength are the lengths (in pixels) of the box bounding the segment in the image.|Data collection: The ISIIS was towed behind the ship at a speed of ∼5 knots (matching the scan rate of the line scan camera) in a tow-yo fashion. Using motor-actuated wings, the vehicle moved between different depths or at one constant depth, as controlled by a shipboard operator.|All images and physical data were collected by the In-situ Ichthyoplankton Imaging System (ISIIS). The ISIIS vehicle contains a suite of instruments that collect salinity, temperature, depth (Sea-Bird Electronics 49 Fastcat CTD), dissolved oxygen (SBE 43), chlorophyll-a fluorescence (Wetlabs Eco FL-RT), PAR (QCP2300), and speed through the water via a Doppler velocity log (DVL, Navquest 600). All of these sensors acquired data at a rate of at least 4 Hz.|The ISIIS was towed for ~54 km, south of Perdido Bay, Florida, from ~10:00-15:00 (easternmost transect of the CONCORDE sampling domain). All data were collected during the day in the Fall (October 30, 2015) Spring (March 30 and April 4, 2016) and Summer (July 26, 2016).||
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Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 3618253604 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: TX Postal code: 78412 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: csv, R, tif Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: 7z Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 90.3522 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R4.x260.000:0107 Protocol: https Name: Data Landing Page Description: GRIIDC dataset landing page Function: Online function code: information
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Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated from information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R4.x260.000:0107 on 2021-11-29T15:51:44-06:00
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