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A meteorology database of Hurricane Patricia's remnants along the Northern Gulf Coast

Consortium for Oil Spill Exposure Pathways in Coastal River-Dominated Ecosystems (CONCORDE)

DOI:
10.7266/N7Q52MQ8
 
UDI:
R4.x260.000:0017
Last Update:
Sep 20 2016 20:45 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
Dr. Patrick Fitzpatrick, Yee H. Lau
Point of Contact:
Fitzpatrick, Patrick
Mississippi State University / Geosystems Research Institute
1021 Balch Blvd
Stennis Space Center, Mississippi  39529
USA
fitz@gri.msstate.edu
Funding Source:
RFP-IV
Data Collection Period:
2015-10-18 to 2015-10-31

Identified Submitted Metadata Available
3 3 3 3

Abstract:

A gridded hourly database at 0.01 degree spacing for the northern Gulf of Mexico was developed from October 18-31, 2015 during tropical cyclone Patricia. It combines 4 data sources to create 13 meteorological parameters in NetCDF format. Data sources include: the Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA), the North American Mesoscale Forecast System (NAM), the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD), and the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). These data sources provide 2-meter temperature, relative humidity, surface pressure, 10-meter u and v wind components, sea surface temperature, cloud fraction, downward shortwave radiation flux, downward longwave radiation flux and one hour precipitation total. Additional parameters including the surface u and v momentum stresses, and sensible heat flux, were calculated using the Florida State University’s Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE) algorithm.

Purpose:

During late October of 2015, tropical cyclone Patricia's remnants impacted the atmospheric and oceanic conditions in the northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM). Patricia formed in the eastern North Pacific Ocean, and rapidly intensified to an intensity of 95 ms-1 (872 mb) at 1200 UTC on October 23, the strongest hurricane on record in the basin. The hurricane then weakened and made landfall on the coast of southwestern Mexico as a category 4 hurricane at 2300 UTC on October 23. The hurricane continued to weaken rapidly during the next several hours while it moved over the high terrain of the Sierra Madre mountains. The mid-level center raced northeastward and separated from the low-level center on early October 24.The system lost coherence that day and was officially labeled dissipated later that morning. The combination of the mid-level shortwave associated with Patricia, near-record precipitable water values of 63.5 mm, and interactions with an upper-level trough moving in from New Mexico induced cyclogenesis in South Texas. This low pressure system formation was associated with 10-12 inches of rain around Corpus Christi and Houston, resulting in flood damage and rescue operations. As the system progressed along NGOM, its evolving structure included a cold front to its south, and complicated occluded/warm fronts extending from its east and north side. This resulted in several wind discontinuities around the cyclone. The low also created storm surge conditions of 0.6-1.2 meters in coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.

Theme Keywords:

Patricia, Tropical cyclone, Meteorological Parameters

File Format:

NetCDF

A meteorology database of Hurricane Patricia's remnants along the Northern Gulf Coast



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R4.x260.000-0017-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Patrick Fitzpatrick
      Organisation name: 
          Mississippi State University / Geosystems Research Institute
      Position name: 
          Associate Research Professor
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  2286881157
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  MSU Science and Technology Center
                  1021 Balch Blvd
              City: 
                  Stennis Space Center
              Administrative area: 
                  MS
              Postal code: 
                  39529
              Country: 
                  USA
              Electronic mail address: 
                  fitz@gri.msstate.edu
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2016-10-14T16:11:01+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R4.x260.000:0017
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Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: A meteorology database of Hurricane Patricia's remnants along the Northern Gulf Coast Alternate title: Date: Date: Date: 2016-09-19 Date type: Date type code: publication Abstract: A gridded hourly database at 0.01 degree spacing for the northern Gulf of Mexico was developed from October 18-31, 2015 during tropical cyclone Patricia. It combines 4 data sources to create 13 meteorological parameters in NetCDF format. Data sources include: the Real-Time Mesoscale Analysis (RTMA), the North American Mesoscale Forecast System (NAM), the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD), and the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). These data sources provide 2-meter temperature, relative humidity, surface pressure, 10-meter u and v wind components, sea surface temperature, cloud fraction, downward shortwave radiation flux, downward longwave radiation flux and one hour precipitation total. Additional parameters including the surface u and v momentum stresses, and sensible heat flux, were calculated using the Florida State University’s Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE) algorithm. Purpose: During late October of 2015, tropical cyclone Patricia's remnants impacted the atmospheric and oceanic conditions in the northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM). Patricia formed in the eastern North Pacific Ocean, and rapidly intensified to an intensity of 95 ms-1 (872 mb) at 1200 UTC on October 23, the strongest hurricane on record in the basin. The hurricane then weakened and made landfall on the coast of southwestern Mexico as a category 4 hurricane at 2300 UTC on October 23. The hurricane continued to weaken rapidly during the next several hours while it moved over the high terrain of the Sierra Madre mountains. The mid-level center raced northeastward and separated from the low-level center on early October 24.The system lost coherence that day and was officially labeled dissipated later that morning.
          
The combination of the mid-level shortwave associated with Patricia, near-record precipitable water values of 63.5 mm, and interactions with an upper-level trough moving in from New Mexico induced cyclogenesis in South Texas. This low pressure system formation was associated with 10-12 inches of rain around Corpus Christi and Houston, resulting in flood damage and rescue operations. As the system progressed along NGOM, its evolving structure included a cold front to its south, and complicated occluded/warm fronts extending from its east and north side. This resulted in several wind discontinuities around the cyclone. The low also created storm surge conditions of 0.6-1.2 meters in coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Patrick Fitzpatrick Organisation name: Mississippi State University / Geosystems Research Institute Position name: Associate Research Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 2286881157 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: MSU Science and Technology Center 1021 Balch Blvd City: Stennis Space Center Administrative area: MS Postal code: 39529 Country: USA Electronic mail address: fitz@gri.msstate.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: Patricia Keyword: Tropical cyclone Keyword: Meteorological Parameters Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: Northern Gulf of Mexico Type: Keyword type code: place Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere Extent: Extent: Geographic element: Geographic bounding box: West bound longitude: -90.13 East bound longitude: -87.05 South bound latitude: 29 North bound latitude: 30.94 Geographic element: BoundingPolygon: Polygon: Polygon: Outer boundary: Linear ring: gml:posList: 29 -90.13 30.94 -90.13 30.94 -87.05 29 -87.05 29 -90.13 Temporal element: Temporal extent: Extent: Time period: Description: ground condition and modeled period Begin date: 2015-10-18 End date: 2015-10-31 Supplemental Information: 2-meter temperature (Celsius), relative humidity (rha, Percentage), surface pressure (mb), 10-meter u and v wind components (m/s), sea surface temperature (sst, Celsius), cloud fraction (decimal), downward shortwave radiation flux (DSWRF, Watts/m2), downward longwave radiation flux (DLWRF, Watts/m2), one hour precipitation total (precip1Hr, mm/hr), surface u and v momentum stresses (N/m2), and sensible heat flux (Watts/m2).|||||
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Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: +1-361-825-3604 Facsimile: +1-361-825-2050 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive Unit 5869 City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: Texas Postal code: 78412-5869 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: http://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Protocol: Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: NetCDF Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: tar, gz Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 503 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R4.x260.000:0017 Protocol:
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Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated by the GRIIDC Metadata Generator from DIF and Registry information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R4.x260.000:0017 on 2016-09-19T16:51:32+00:00 Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was created using the 'Check and Save to File' (with form validation) function of the GRIIDC ISO 19115-2 Metadata Editor on 2016-09-19T17:05:04+00:00
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