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Microbial utilization of sand patty oil residue with and without solar exposure

Effect of Photochemistry on Biotransformation of Crude Oil

DOI:
10.7266/N75Q4T6B
 
UDI:
R2.x212.000:0004
Last Update:
Jun 20 2017 18:35 UTC
 
Dataset Author(s):
Matthew Tarr
Point of Contact:
Tarr, Matthew
University of New Orleans / Department of Chemistry
2000 Lakeshore Drive
New Orleans, Louisiana  70148
USA
mtarr@uno.edu
Funding Source:
RFP-II
 
Extent Description:
Dataset contains laboratory studies of photooxidation and biodegradation. Sand patties were collected from Gulf beaches located at 30.24, -87.74 and 30.22, -88.01.

Identified Submitted Review Available
3 3 3 3

Abstract:

Sand patties were collected from beaches between Fort Morgan and Gulf Shores, AL in January and March of 2014. Aqueous extracts of sand patties were studied in a laboratory setting to determine aerobic microbial bioavailability as assessed by oxygen uptake for dark and solar exposed sand patties. In addition, high resolution mass spectrometry was utilized to determine the molecular formulas of water soluble species released by the sand patties in the dark and under solar irradiation. Changes in molecular composition were also assessed as a function of microbial utilization of the water soluble species for dark and solar exposed sand patties.

Purpose:

The purpose was to determine the effects of sunlight on microbial utilization of heavily weathered oil (sand patties).

Theme Keywords:

sand patty, photochemistry, microbial, sulfide production, oxygen consumption

File Format:

csv

Dataset Downloads:

0

Microbial utilization of sand patty oil residue with and without solar exposure



Identification Information
Distribution Information
Metadata Maintenance Information

Metadata: 
  File identifier: 
      R2.x212.000-0004-metadata.xml
  Language: 
      eng; USA
  Character set: 
    Character set code: 
      utf8
  Hierarchy level: 
    Scope code: 
      dataset
  Metadata author: 
    Responsible party: 
      Individual name: 
          Matthew Tarr
      Organisation name: 
          University of New Orleans / Department of Chemistry
      Position name: 
          Research Professor
      Contact info: 
        Contact: 
          Phone: 
            Telephone: 
              Voice: 
                  5042806323
              Facsimile: 
          Address: 
            Address: 
              Delivery point: 
                  2000 Lakeshore Drive
              City: 
                  New Orleans
              Administrative area: 
                  Louisiana
              Postal code: 
                  70148
              Country: 
                  USA
              Electronic mail address: 
                  mtarr@uno.edu
      Role: 
        Role code: 
          pointOfContact
  Date stamp: 
      2018-08-11T13:39:24+00:00
  Metadata standard name: 
      ISO 19115-2 Geographic Information - Metadata - Part 2: Extensions for Imagery and Gridded Data
  Metadata standard version: 
      ISO 19115-2:2009(E)
  Dataset URI: 
      https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/metadata/R2.x212.000:0004
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Identification info: Data identification: Citation: Citation: Title: Microbial utilization of sand patty oil residue with and without solar exposure Alternate title: Date: Date: Date: 2017-06-13 Date type: Date type code: publication Abstract: Sand patties were collected from beaches between Fort Morgan and Gulf Shores, AL in January and March of 2014. Aqueous extracts of sand patties were studied in a laboratory setting to determine aerobic microbial bioavailability as assessed by oxygen uptake for dark and solar exposed sand patties. In addition, high resolution mass spectrometry was utilized to determine the molecular formulas of water soluble species released by the sand patties in the dark and under solar irradiation. Changes in molecular composition were also assessed as a function of microbial utilization of the water soluble species for dark and solar exposed sand patties. Purpose: The purpose was to determine the effects of sunlight on microbial utilization of heavily weathered oil (sand patties). Status: Progress code: completed Point of contact: Responsible party: Individual name: Matthew Tarr Organisation name: University of New Orleans / Department of Chemistry Position name: Research Professor Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 5042806323 Facsimile: Address: Address: Delivery point: 2000 Lakeshore Drive City: New Orleans Administrative area: Louisiana Postal code: 70148 Country: USA Electronic mail address: mtarr@uno.edu Role: Role code: pointOfContact Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: sand patty Keyword: photochemistry Keyword: microbial Keyword: sulfide production Keyword: oxygen consumption Type: Keyword type code: theme Descriptive keywords: Keywords: Keyword: inapplicable Type: Keyword type code: place Language: eng; USA Topic category: Topic category code: oceans Topic category: Topic category code: environment Extent: Extent: Description: Dataset contains laboratory studies of photooxidation and biodegradation. Sand patties were collected from Gulf beaches located at 30.24, -87.74 and 30.22, -88.01. Supplemental Information: Aerobic and Anaerobic Toxicity: Sand patty amendment (g); Sulfide production (nM S/day-1/g-1); Oxygen consumption (uM O2/day-1/g-1); Positive control (20 mM Lactate); Negative control (autoclaved without sand patty amendment) Respirometry: Time (hours); Oxygen utilization (uM); Average; Standard deviation; Endogenous (only endogenous substrates) Absorbance data: Time (hours); Absorbance Treatments: Endogenous: 10 g sediment plus 10 mL filter-sterilized seawater Dark: 10 g sediment plus 10 mL dissolved organic matter from non-irradiated control material leached from sand patties Sand Patty: 10 g sediment plus 10 mL sterile seawater plus 1 g crumbled sand patty Irradiated: 10 g sediment plus 10 mL dissolved organic matter from irradiated sand patties Sterile: 10 g sediment plus 10 mL sterile seawater, autoclaved for 20 minutes before the experiment|Sediments collected from 5-10 cm depth). Irradiated samples were irradiated for 3 or 12 hours in borosilicate glass beakers, dissolved organic matter was removed after time period and new sterile seawater was added. For dark samples, sterile seawater was added and samples were stored in the dark.|10-channel Micro-Oxymax respirometer with an electrochemical O2 sensor|||
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Distribution info: Distribution: Distributor: Distributor: Distributor contact: Responsible party: Organisation name: Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Information and Data Cooperative (GRIIDC) Contact info: Contact: Phone: Telephone: Voice: 3618253604 Address: Address: Delivery point: 6300 Ocean Drive City: Corpus Christi Administrative area: TX Postal code: 78412 Country: USA Electronic mail address: griidc@gomri.org Online Resource: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org Role: Role code: distributor Distributor format: Format: Name: csv Version: inapplicable File decompression technique: Distributor transfer options: Digital transfer options: Transfer size: 0.0611 Online: Online Resource: Linkage: URL: https://data.gulfresearchinitiative.org/data/R2.x212.000:0004 Protocol: https
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Metadata maintenance: Maintenance information: Maintenance and update frequency: unknown Maintenance note: This ISO metadata record was automatically generated from information provided to GRIIDC for dataset: R2.x212.000:0004 on 2018-12-12T23:55:02+00:00
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